Shab-e-Barat is anticipated on the 14th or 15th day of Sha’ban, the eighth month of the Islamic calendar.
Shab-e-Barat a major celebration for Muslim community is also known as the night of fortune and forgiveness.
The festive is observed on the 14th or 15th day of Sha’ban, the eighth month of the Islamic calendar, and the festivities begin in the evening where people observing the night stay awake, fast and read from the Holy Quran till the dawn of the next day.
Shab-E-Barat means the night of forgiveness or Day of Atonement. People pray to Allah both in preparation for Ramadan and for the forgiveness of the sins committed by them.
Qur’an & Sunnah about Shab e Barat
The majority of the Qur’an Tafsir scholars have revealed that there is nothing such superstitious mentioned in the Qur’an about Shab e Barat. Though, there is evidence in some of the Ahadith, which speaks about this night. But, according to Muhaddithin these Ahadith are weak (Da’if) and have not that much significance in the lives of humanity. Some of these Ahadith are bellowed.
Aisha [May Allah be pleased with her] reports I missed the Prophet one night so I went out to al-Baqi` (and found him). He said: “Were you afraid that Allah would wrong you and that His Prophet would wrong you?” I said: “O Messenger of Allah, I thought that you might have gone to visit one of your wives.” He said: “Allah Glorious and Exalted descends to the nearest heaven on the night of mid-Shaban and He forgives to more people than the number of hairs on the hides of the sheep of the tribes of Kalb.
Narrated from Aisha by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and al-Tirmidhi who said that he heard al-Bukhari grading this Hadith as weak because some of the sub-narrators did not narrate directly from each other.
Abd Allah ibn `Amr [May Allah be pleased with him] reports that Prophet [Peace be upon him] said “Allah looks upon His creatures on the night of mid-Shaban and He forgives all His servants except two: one intent on hatred, and the homicide.”
Narrated from Abd Allah ibn Amr by al-Tirmidhi, Ahmad and al Bazzar with a chain he graded fair (Hasan) through the great Tabi’I jurist al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn bi Bakr al-Siddiq.
According to Muslim belief, Shab-e-Barat is the night when Almighty Allah arranges the affairs of the next year. On Shab-e-Barat, Allah writes the destinies of all His creations for the coming year by taking into account their past deeds.
The significant distinction of this night, according to Islamic belief, is that it falls on the night of 15th Sha’aban in which all
births and deaths on the universe are written on the “Loh-e-Mehfooz” for the forthcoming year.