A fibroid is a non-cancerous tumor that grows in and around the womb (uterus). It is also known as a myoma. Fibroids develop from the muscular tissue of the uterus. They can vary in size, from being too tiny to be seen with the naked eye to being melon-sized.

Fibroids are usually found during a gynecological examination, pelvic ultrasound or during surgery for other conditions.

Most women with fibroids do not experience symptoms. When fibroids do cause symptoms, the most common ones include:

  • heavy or prolonged periods
  • backache
  • frequent urination
  • constipation
  • pain or pressure in the pelvic area

Sometimes, fibroids can cause complications. Large fibroids may cause infertility by preventing a fertilized egg from implanting in the womb or blocking the fallopian tubes. Fibroids in pregnant women may also cause difficulties during labor.

If you are experiencing pelvic pain or symptoms, or have been trying to get pregnant, speak to your doctor.